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Raj Bhavan MP : Constitutional role of Governor

Role of The Governor

(Given only in brief; for details and authenticity, please refer the Constitution of India)





  • There shall be a Governor for each state (Article 153 of the Constitution of India). 

  • The executive power of the State shall be vested in the Governor and shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution of India (Article 154)

  • The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal (Article 155).

  • A person to be eligible for appointment as Governor should be citizen of India and have completed age of 35 years (Article 157).

  • The Governor shall not be a member of the Legislature or Parliament; shall not hold any office of profit, shall be entitled to emoluments and allowances. (Article 158)

  • Every Governor and every person discharging the function of the Governor shall make a subscribe an oath or Affirmation(Article 159).

  • The President may make such a provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the Governor of a State in any contingency not provided for in Chapter II of the Constitution.(Article 160).

  • The Governor shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, etc. (Article 161).

  • There shall be council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion.        (Article 163).

  • The Governor appoints Chief Minister and other Ministers.
    (Article 164).

  • The Governor appoints the Advocate General for the State. (Article 165).

  • All executive actions ,of the Governor of a State shall be expressed to be taken in the name of Governor. (Article 166).

  • The Governor shall from time to time summon and prorogue the House and dissolve the Legislative Assembly. (Article 174).

  • The Governor may address the Legislative Assembly....; The Governor may send messages to the House. (Article 175).

  • Special Address to the House by the Governor. (Article 176).

  • The Governor assents, withholds assent or reserves for the consideration of the Bill passed by the Legislative Assembly. (Article 200).

  • The Governor shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before the House....  a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure.(Article 202). 

  • No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the Governor. (Article 203(3)).

  • The Governor shall ........cause to be laid before the House another statement showing estimated amount of expenditure. (Article 205).

  • The Governor may promulgate the ordinances under certain circumstances. (Article 213).

  • The Governor is consulted for appointment of Judges of High Court. (Article 217).





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