Nawab Sikander Begum
(1818 - 30 Oct 1868)
|Nawab Sikandar Begum|
- Sikander Begum, the only daughter of Qudsia Begum, became the Nawab of Bhopal in 1844.
- Her husband's name was Jahangir Mohammed Khan, whom she married on 18th April 1835
- True to her name, she was brave indeed. (in Arabic, her name means Alexander the Great)
- Like her mother, she too was forward-looking and never observed purdah.
- An expert in all the martial arts, she fought many battles.
- When the Indian war of independence started in 1857, she sided with the British. She was instrumental in crushing a number of rebels.
- Like her mother, she did a lot of public welfare.
- Despite her bravery, she was very considerate towards her people.
- She built roads and reconstructed the fort.
- She also built her palace - the Moti Mahal, which in English means the Pearl Palace.
- She built another important landmark of Bhopal - the Moti Masjid
- The name literally means the Pearl Mosque.
- It was built in 1860, inspired by the Jama Masjid of Delhi.
- The Moti Masjid can still be seen in Bhopal.
- Despite its age, it is still in a good condition
- The Shaukat Mahal was another important building constructed during her tenure.
|Shaukat Mahal in the Olden Days|
- It is a strange mixture of Indo-Islamic and European styles of architecture.
- It was designed by a Frenchman, a descendant of the Bourbon Kings of France.
- Post Renaissance and Gothic styles have been combined in an enchanting manner in the building.